The Development of Transformational Leadership in Public Higher Education

Journal: Journal of Higher Education Research DOI: 10.32629/jher.v3i2.789

Jiajia Wang

School of Education, The University of Queensland, Australia


Nowadays, transformational leadership plays an increasingly important role in the construction and management of universities. In terms of the leadership system, most countries in the world adopt the leadership system combining the committee system and individual responsibility. For example, the Board of Directors is used in the United States, the University Council is used in Britain and Germany, and the University Council is used in France. In China, the president assumes responsibility under the leadership of the party committee. In recent years, the application of transformational leadership has been gradually popularized in the government and enterprises, which has played a great role in promoting social development. However, the development of transformational leadership in public universities is always slow. In this paper, I will review a number of literature to critically analyze transformational leadership and its characteristics, as well as the application of leadership in public university management, so as to explore its development in higher education.


transformational leadership, higher education, public universities


[1]Lamm, L.R., & Randall, N.L., & Lamm, A.J. (2021). Leadership development programming in higher education: an exploration of perceptions of transformational leadership across gender and role types. Tertiary Education and Management, 27(4), 297–312.
[3]Wu, Z.J., & Yang, C., & Hu, Y.C. (2015). The effect of transformational leadership and organizational innovation on performance of colleges and universities. Journal of Chongqing University: Social Science Edition, (06), 227-233. https://doi:10.11835 /j.issn.1008-5831.2015.06.028
[4]Kang, C.P. (2010). Practical reflection and realistic choice of internal management system of Public Universities in China. Educational Research and Experiment, (4), 73.
[5]Storey, J., & Hartley, J., & Denis, J., & Ulrich, D. (2016). The routledge companion to leadership.
[6]Liu, M., & Song, G.M. (2012). Research on innovation Mechanism of University Management based on Transformational Leadership Theory. Economic Research Guide, (08), 177-178+181.
[7]Conger, J.A., & Kanungo, R.N., & Conger, J.A. (1998). Charismatic leadership in organizations. Sage Publications.
[8]Bass, & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational leadership (2nd ed.). L. Erlbaum Associates.
[9]Li, R., & Ling, W.Q. (2007). A Review of the Research on Transformational Leadership. Scientific Management Research, (06), 85-88+96. https://doi:10.19445/j.cnki.15-1103/g3.2007.06.024.
[10]Bass. (1995). Theory of transformational leadership redux. The Leadership Quarterly, 6(4), 463–478.
[11]Avolio, Bass, B. M., & Jung, D. I. (1999). Re-examining the components of transformational and transactional leadership using the multifactor leadership questionnaire. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 72(4), 441-462.
[12]Hu, Q., & Sun, H.W. (2013). The Measurement of Transformational Leadership Behavior and its Effect on Teachers′ Organizational Commitment in the Universities and Collges. Studies of Psychology and Behavior, (02), 251-257.
[13]Bian, Y.E. (2016). Research on employee Incentive Mechanism of N Company - Perspective of Transformational Leadership. (Master’s thesis, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing, China).
[14]Li, C.P., & Mao, K.X. (2018). The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Engagement of Newcomers: A Study from the Identification Perspective. Management Review, (07), 136-147. https://doi:10.14120/j.cnki.cn11-5057/f.2018.07.013.
[15]Basham. (2012). Transformational Leadership Characteristics Necessary for Today's Leaders in Higher Education. Journal of International Education Research, 8(4), 343–348.
[16]Meyer, & Allen, N. J. (1991). A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61–89.
[17]Yu, B., & Liu, X.M., & Bai, Y. (2009). A study on the impact of transformational leadership behavior on organizational commitment of teachers in universities: A case study of secondary colleges in ordinary universities. Higher Education Exploration, (01), 41-45.
[18]Howell, & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, Locus of Control, and Support for Innovation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(6), 891–902.
[19]Wu, Z.J., & Yang, C. (2014). Transformational leadership, organizational innovation climate and organizational innovation: An empirical analysis of 34 Universities in China. Jiangxi Social Sciences, (10), 222-228.
[20]Li, C.P. (2014). Transformational Leadership and Team Effectiveness: The Cross-level Mediating Effect of Intra-team Cooperation. Management Review, (04), 73-81. https://doi:10.14120/j.cnki.cn11-5057/f.2014.04.007.
[21]Zhu, H., & Zhou, G.G. (2016). Is Transformational Leadership Beneficial? - A Meta-Analysis on the Relationship Between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Performance. Management Review, (07), 179-187. https://doi:10.14120/j.cnki.cn11-5057/f.2016.07.018.

Copyright © 2022 Jiajia Wang

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License